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In this interactive course, you will learn about planning and design considerations, overhead conductors, structure types and loading, guying, insulators, insulation and fault protection coordination, grounding, and many more.

Course Outline

After participating in this course you will be able to do the following:
identify all the components of a distribution system
describe customer service policy issues, industry standards, and accepted practices
apply the correct standards and codes to the different zones of power distribution systems
select the appropriate overhead and underground distribution system components
implement the latest National & International standards for distribution system components
choose the proper materials for system components
calculate appropriate insulation levels
design both an overhead and underground distribution system

This course covers the special knowledge and skills needed for the efficient implementation of safe and economical electrical distribution projects.

Through interaction with your instructors and fellow participants, you will learn about planning and design considerations, overhead conductors, structure types and loading, guying, insulators, insulation and fault protection coordination, grounding, electrical and mechanical characteristics of cables, designs and ratings of distribution transformers, types and characteristics of pad-mounted switchgear, capacitors ratings and types, protection in distribution systems, distribution systems automation, and distributed generation. Your learning experience will include group discussion of specific situations.

To gain an understanding of overhead and underground distribution systems design, operation, and maintenance practices by using required codes and applying calculations.

Who Should Attend
Designers, consulting engineers, engineers, technicians, contractors, line workers, inspectors, safety personnel, supervisors, manufacturers, and vendors involved in electrical overhead and underground distribution systems in a utility or industrial setting will benefit from this course.

Special Features
• Valuable reference materials
• Practical experience solving numerical problems
• Daily question and answer periods

Program Outline

Day I

Registration and Coffee

Welcome, Introduction, Workshop Preview, Learning Outcomes and the Assessment Method

General Planning and Design Considerations

  • Electric power system and power distribution
  • Nominal voltage levels
  • Applicable codes, policies and standards (IEEE, CSA, CEC, Ontario Electrical Code)
  • Main stages of the design process
  • Reliability of electric power supply
  • Economic considerations
  • Power loading (normal and contingency)
  • Operations and maintenance considerations
  • Aesthetics
  • Route selection and rights-of-way
  • Joint-use
Electrical Conductors
  • Electrical characteristics
  • Physical characteristics
  • Electrical loading
  • Connectors
  • Economic conductor selection
  • CEC requirements
             - physical loading conditions
             - strength requirements
  • Transverse, vertical and tension loads
  • Sag and tension characteristics
  • Conductor and consideration of seasonal change of sag/tension
  • Ruling span and sag / tension calculations
  • Design problem (ruling span and sag/tension determination)
Pole Structure, Types and Design
  • Wood poles and structures
             - species
             - classification and selection
             - preservatives
             - quality assurance
  • Steel poles
             - materials
             - corrosion & cathodic protection
             - design and selection
  • Concrete poles
             - materials
             - design and selection
  • Wood, steel and fiberglass support arms
             - materials
             - design and selection

Numerical Examples

Questions and Answers


Day II

Insulators and Insulation Coordination

  • Characteristics of lightning
  • BIL ratings
  • Types of insulators and general characteristics (porcelain, glass, polymer)
  • Electrical ratings of insulators
  • Mechanical ratings of insulators
  • CEC requirements
  • Insulator selection and application
  • Coordination of pole-top assemblies
  • Lightning arresters and application
  • Design problem
Switches, Sectionalizers & Reclosers
  • Load break switches
  • Oil switches
  • Disconnect switches
  • Load break tools, ratings, application & operation
  • Air Load break (interrupter) switches
  • SF6 & vacuum interrupters (load & fault)
  • Reclosers and Sectionalizers types & ratings
Pole-mounted (overhead) Transformers
  • Configuration & installation
  • Ratings
  • Completely self-protected (CSP) type
  • Fuse cutouts
  • Power fuses, expulsion & current limiting
  • Electronic fuses
Numerical Examples

Questions and Answers




  • Application of low voltage &. medium voltage capacitors
  • Shunt vs. series
  • Standards and ratings
  • Application
  • Making currents (energization)
  • Protection & control
  • Economical justification of capacitors' application
  • Guying methods
  • CEC requirements
  • Calculation of forces
  • Guy strand types and sizes
  • Anchor types and sizes
  • Pole attachments
  • Guy strand and anchor selection
  • Insulation and grounding
  • Design problem
  • Purposes of grounding
  • NESC requirements
  • Grounding standards
  • Grounding design
Numerical Examples

Questions and Answers


Day IV

Power Systems Studies

  • Fault calculations & protective relays co-ordination studies
  • Load flow
  • Motor starting and capacitors application
  • Transients
  • Reliability
  • Stability
  • Classification
  • Cable insulation
  • Mechanical and electrical characteristics
  • Secondary (low voltage) cables
  • Primary cables
  • Production tests
  • Manholes
  • Sizing & temperature limits
Cable Accessories
  • Bridges for the measurement of L, C & tan
  • Cable terminations
  • Cable splices
  • Elbows or separable connectors
  • Faulted circuit indicators (FCI)
  • Fault location equipment
  • Route tracing
  • Underground cable test vans
Numerical Examples

Questions and Answers


Day V

Pad-mounted Distribution Transformers

  • Distribution transformers theoretical background
  • Equivalent circuit of a single-phase transformer
  • Winding connections
  • Cores' types
  • Amorphous metal
  • Physical properties
  • Insulating oil
  • Ratings & protection
  • Losses & economical comparison
  • Vault installed transformers
Pad-mounted Switchgear
  • Types & application
  • Air insulated
  • Liquid insulated
  • Fusing
  • Gas insulated
  • Solid dielectric insulated
  • Remote operation
  • Box pads
Distributed Generation
  • Conventional methods of power generation  (hydro-generation, steam-generation through burning of coal, liquid or gas fuels and nuclear)
  • Solar energy, thermal (heat), photovoltaic (light, photon), ocean (temperature gradient) and solar ponds
  • Wind
  • Energy from biomass including landfill gas and anaerobic digestion
  • Geothermal
  • Wave & tidal
Distribution Systems Automation
  • Main objectives & functions of distribution automation
  • Transformer stations SCADA & RTUs
  • Remotely (automatically) operated load break switches
  • Automatic circuit reclosers
             - Electronic sectionalizer
             - Communication networks & protocols

Case Study - Putting it all together

The instructor describes a project where the participants will work in small groups under instructor guidance to complete specifying & designing a hypothetical distribution system using and applying the knowledge acquired during the duration of the course. Each group makes a presentation that is followed by a discussion.

Questions and Answers and Feedback to Participants on Achievement of Learning Outcomes

Final Adjournment

Daily Schedule:

8:00   Registration and coffee (Day I only)
8:30   Session begins
12:00 Lunch
4:30   Adjournment

There will be a forty-minute lunch break each day in addition to a refreshment and networking break during each morning and afternoon session.


Tarek K. Abdel-Galil
Dr. Tarek K. Abdel-Galil is an Electrical Engineer with a PhD from the University of Waterloo and over 20 years of experience in planning and operating power transmission and distribution systems. During his career, he has participated in several consulting projects that are related to power system planning, distribution system operation, and power quality. In addition to participating in these projects, he has delivered several graduate seminars and short courses that focus on industry needs while teaching transmission and distribution network planning and operation. A registered P.Eng. in Ontario and Alberta and Senior Member of IEEE, Dr. Abdel-Galil is currently an adjunct professor at the University of Waterloo.

Khaled Akida

Khaled M. Akida is a professional engineer with extensive experience in power system studies, field-testing, and EHS program settings. He received his M.Sc. from the University of New Brunswick and achieved P.Eng. certification in Ontario, Alberta, and New Brunswick. He has managed and executed various projects on power system studies analysis (short circuit, coordination study, arc flash, load flow, power factor correction, harmonics, dynamic stability, ground grid testing, etc.) for major electrical utilities and industrial and commercial facilities in Canada and the U.S.

A senior member of IEEE, Mr. Akida has various IEEE publications, has served as a technical reviewer at many IEEE journals in power systems and control systems, and is the chair of the Industry Application Chapter (IAS) for the IEEE Toronto Section. He remains an active member for the IEEE substation committee on IEEE 81 ground testing (WGE6) and IEEE 80 ground design (WGD7). A certified electrical safety trainer for GE Energy, he has been the recipient of the GE Management Award, as well as many leadership certifications from the GE Leadership Development Centre at Crotonville.

Prerequisites & Certificates

Certificates offered

3.5 CEUs / 35 PDHs

Cancellation Policy
To withdraw from a course, you must send a request, in writing, with the official receipt to our office. Fifteen or more business days in advance: full refund less $50.00 administration charge. Five to fifteen business days in advance: non-refundable credit of equal value for any future EPIC seminar within one year. Credits are transferable within your organization. In case of an unexpected event occurring after this time, you may send someone else to take your place without any additional cost.
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Here are some reviews of the training vendor.
The course was very well presented and the course instructor was absolutely amazing.
Reviewed by 2013
Our instructor, Stephen Lamming, was outstanding and a true expert in his field. He was able to complement the technical air monitoring information with practical real life examples which was highly beneficial. He is an excellent communicator and was highly interactive with the course attendees. This course was recommended to me because Stephen Lamming does an outstanding job. I was very impressed with this course and have subsequently recommended it to my colleagues.
Reviewed by 2012
Would have liked more interactive problem solving.
Reviewed by 2011

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