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In this course, students will write stored procedures, functions, packages, and triggers, and implement complex business rules in Oracle. They will learn programming, management, and security issues of working with PL / SQL program units.

Course Outline
Course Description

A Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) is a software system that allows you to create and manage a relational database. Minimum requirements for such a system are defined by both ANSI and ISO. PL / SQL is Oracle's Procedural Language for SQL. It is Oracle's database programming language for creating stored procedures, functions, database triggers, and object methods. PL / SQL can be used for implementing business rules, computing algorithms, manipulating data, and for stand-alone programs. The Oracle 11g release has greatly enhanced the features and functionality of PL / SQL. Students will write stored procedures, functions, packages, and triggers, and implement complex business rules in Oracle. Students will learn programming, management, and security issues of working with PL / SQL program units. Programming topics will include the built-in packages that come with Oracle, the creation of triggers, and stored procedure features.


Application developers and database administrators

Course Contents


  • Beyond Declarative Integrity
  • Triggers
  • Types of Triggers
  • Trigger Sequencing
  • Row - Level Triggers
  • Trigger Predicates
  • Trigger Conditions
  • Using Sequences
  • Cascading Triggers and Mutating Tables
  • Generating an Error
  • Maintaining Triggers
PL / SQL Variables and Datatypes
  • Anonymous Blocks
  • Declaring Variables
  • Datatypes
  • Subtypes
  • Character Data
  • Dates and Timestamps
  • Date Intervals
  • Anchored Types
  • Assignment and Conversions
  • Selecting into a Variable
  • Returning into a Variable
PL / SQL Syntax and Logic
  • Conditional Statements - IF / THEN
  • Conditional Statements - CASE
  • Comments and Labels
  • Loops
  • WHILE and FOR Loops
  • SQL in PL / SQL
  • Local Procedures and Functions
  • Stored Procedures and Functions
  • Stored Subprograms
  • Creating a Stored Procedure
  • Procedure Calls and Parameters
  • Parameter Modes
  • Named Parameter Notation
  • Default Arguments
  • Creating a Stored Function
  • Stored Functions and SQL
  • Invoker's Rights
Exception Handling
  • Exception Handlers
  • Nesting Blocks
  • Scope and Name Resolution
  • Declaring and Raising Named Exceptions
  • User - Defined Exceptions
Records, Collections, and User - Defined Types
  • Record Variables
  • Using the %ROWTYPE Attribute
  • User - Defined Object Types
  • VARRAY and Nested TABLE Collections
  • Using Nested TABLEs
  • Using VARRAYs
  • Collections in Database Tables
  • Associative Array Collections
  • Collection Methods
  • Iterating Through Collections
  • Multi - Row Queries
  • Declaring and Opening Cursors
  • Fetching Rows
  • Closing Cursors
  • The Cursor FOR Loop
  • FOR UPDATE Cursors
  • Cursor Parameters
  • The Implicit (SQL) Cursor  
Bulk Operations
  • Bulk Binding
  • FORALL Statement
  • FORALL Variations
  • Bulk Returns
  • Bulk Fetching with Cursors
Using Packages
  • Packages
  • Oracle - Supplied Packages
  • The DBMS_OUTPUT Package
  • The DBMS_UTILITY Package
  • The UTL_FILE Package
  • Creating Pipes with DBMS_PIPE
  • Writing to and Reading from a Pipe
  • The DBMS_METADATA Package
  • XML Packages
  • Networking Packages
  • Other Supplied Packages
Creating Packages
  • Structure of a Package
  • The Package Interface and Implementation
  • Package Variables and Package State
  • Overloading Package Functions and Procedures
  • Forward Declarations
  • Strong REF CURSOR Variables
  • Weak REF CURSOR Variables
Working with LOBs
  • Large Object Types
  • Oracle Directories
  • LOB Locators
  • Internal LOBs
  • LOB Storage and SECUREFILEs
  • External LOBs
  • Temporary LOBs
  • The DBMS_LOB Package
Maintaining PL / SQL Code
  • Privileges for Stored Programs
  • Data Dictionary
  • PL / SQL Stored Program Compilation
  • Conditional Compilation
  • Compile - Time Warnings
  • The PL / SQL Execution Environment
  • Dependencies and Validation
  • Maintaining Stored Programs
Appendix A: Dynamic SQL
  • Generating SQL at Runtime
  • Native Dynamic SQL vs. DBMS_SQL Package
  • Using Bind Variables
  • Multi - row Dynamic Queries
  • Bulk Operations with Dynamic SQL
  • Using DBMS_SQL
  • DBMS_SQL Subprograms
Appendix B: PL / SQL Versions, Datatypes, and Language Limits
Appendix C: Oracle 11g Supplied Packages

Prerequisites & Certificates

A good working knowledge of Oracle 11g SQL features is required. Programming experience in a high-level language, such as COBOL, Java, or Perl is also required.

Certificates offered

Certificate of Completion

Cancellation Policy
Cancellations less than 2 business weeks before the expected delivery date are eligible for a 50% refund, or a credit voucher will be provided for regularly scheduled courses (choice being that of the registrant). Credit Vouchers are transferable within the same company. Please send your cancellation notice to info@itplanit.com.
Map & Reviews
Itplanit Services Corp.
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Here are some reviews of the training vendor.
This course was very, very interesting due to the instructor. He was simple, gave good examples and made a few jokes. Also, being only 5 participants was a bonus for us as we were able to share our experiences in a timely manner.
Reviewed by 2016
I think there is too much material to cover in one session. It's a lot of information to absorb all at once.
Reviewed by 2013
The only thing I would add...if you know you don't have many participants, hands on practice would be great. I would like to have had more time applying what i learned in a diagram. Once I got back to my office...i didn't know how to move a shape and associated text together. I also would like to know where I can see all the shapes offered by visio instead of searching for the shape and not knowing what to call it?
Reviewed by 2013
The instructor was excellent. I was pleasantly surprised by how interesting she made a potentially dry subject appear. Non-stop, great snacks provided all day from ham/egg bagels for breakfast, muffins, Valentines chocolate, chips, popcorn, gumball machine, coffee, juices etc etc. Perfect location for me as it was 2 blocks from my office.
Reviewed by 2013
I had no problem with the instructor's technigues, methods or delivery of the course material. He made what was otherwise fairly dry material as interesting as he possible and augmented it with practical examples that the class could relate to. The training facility and staff were also comendable, however what can't be overlooked is the IT infrastructure. During the exam the problems with latency were so bad that it affected my ability to concentrate on the material. Prior to the exam I completed 2 practice exams on paper in 35 & 37 minutes respectively. Doing the exam online it took over 1.5 hrs because it would take between 30 & 60 sec to refresh the page and show the next question. At times when I attempted to go back and review quesgtions I had marked I found my original answer wasn't recorded & I'd have to answer the question a second time. By the end of 70 min I was so digruntled I couldn't wait to finish regardless of the end result. It may not seem fair to evaluate the favility in this manner, but as a student the outcome is the ultimate measurement of a training favility.
Reviewed by 2013
A very interesting course. Claude Gerin, our instructor, was excellent in making this a very interesting and learning experience. THANKS!
Reviewed by 2012

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