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This course deals with all aspects of modern good practice in foundation design. These include: the importance of both the geological & geotechnical aspects of the ground conditions, current limit analysis methods for bearing capacity & definition of ..

Course Outline
This course deals with all aspects of modern good practice in foundation design. These include: the importance of both the geological and geotechnical aspects of the ground conditions, current limit analysis methods for bearing capacity, and definition of factors of safety. The various settlement analyses and their underlying assumptions and reliability are discussed, together with a thorough treatment of the design of piled foundations.   Objectives The main objective of this workshop is to enable participants to select the best foundation solution for different types of civil engineering problems. After completing the course participants should be able to design shallow and deep foundations and supervise their construction. The course philosophy is to provide the participants with the information they need to design foundations at the state of the art. The information is supplied in a simple and systematic way, discussing topics where current knowledge is lacking and more understanding is needed.
Who Should Attend Structural engineers, civil engineers, public works and construction department employees of federal, provincial and municipal governments and engineers responsible for large industrial, commercial or institutional facilities who must deal with different types of foundations.
The course will be of interest to a wide range of practising civil engineers at different stages in their careers. Some familiarisation with soil mechanics is desirable but the knowledge is not required at a specialist level.   Special Features The three-day course will consist of a series of lectures and workshops. Worked examples with numerical reference will reinforce the lectures. Case studies which illustrate the full range of problems are a feature of the course. There will be workshops on bearing capacity, shallow and deep foundation design, settlement analysis.   Program Outline (2.4 CEUs / 24 PDHs)   Day I   GEOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL
  • Grain-size distribution
  • Size limits for soils
  • Weight Volume relationships
  • Relative density
  • Atterberg limits
  • Effective stress concept
  • Shear strength of soils


  • Purpose of soil exploration
  • Subsurface exploration program
  • Exploratory borings in the field
  • Procedures for sampling soil
  • Observation of water tables
  • Vane shear test
  • Cone penetration test
  • Preparation of boring logs
  • Geophysical exploration
  • Subsoil exploration report
  • Interpretation of soil parameters for foundation design
  • Shallow foundation types and foundation level selection


  • General concept
  • General bearing capacity equation
  • Shape, depth, and inclination factors
  • Effect of soil compressibility
  • Eccentrically loaded foundations
  • Worked examples
  • Bearing capacity of layered soils
  • Bearing capacity of foundations on top of a slope


  • Stress due to different loaded areas
  • Elastic settlement based on the theory of elasticity
  • Settlement of sandy soil: use of strain influence factor
  • Range of material parameters for computing elastic settlement
  • Primary consolidation settlement relationships
  • Consolidation settlement - case history
  • Settlement due to secondary consolidation
  • Allowable bearing pressure in sand based on settlement consideration
  • Presumptive bearing capacity
  • Tolerable settlement of buildings
  • Worked examples
  • Shallow foundation design workshop


  • Combined footings
  • Common types of mat foundations
  • Bearing capacity of mat foundations
  • Differential settlement of mats
  • Field settlement observations for mat foundations
  • Compensated foundation


  • Lateral earth pressure at rest
  • Rankine active earth pressure
  • Rankine active earth pressure for inclined backfill
  • Coulomb's active earth pressure
  • Worked examples


  • Stability of retaining walls
  • Check for overturning
  • Check for sliding along the base
  • Check for bearing capacity failure
  • Worked examples


  • Definition and types of collapsible soil
  • Physical parameters for identification
  • Procedure for calculation collapse settlement
  • Foundation design in soils not susceptible to wetting
  • Foundation design in soils susceptible to wetting
  • Case histories of stabilization of collapsible soil
  • Expansive soils
  • Laboratory measurement of swell
  • Classification of expansive soil based on index tests
  • Foundation considerations for expansive soils


  • Correction for compaction of soils with oversized particles
  • Field compaction
  • Compaction control for clay hydraulic barriers
  • Vibroflotation
  • Precompression
  • Sand drains
  • An example of a sand drain application
  • Prefabricated vertical drains (PVDs)
  • Lime stabilization
  • Cement stabilization
  • Fly ash stabilization
  • Stone columns
  • Sand compaction piles
  • Dynamic compaction
  • Shallow foundation bearing capacity improvement using geosynthetics
  • Software demo
  • Types of deep foundations
  • Introduction to pile foundations
  • Pile foundation design
  • Load on piles
  • Bearing Capacity of Single Piles in sand
  • Bearing Capacity of Single Piles in clay
  • Estimation of pile length
  • Stresses on Underlying Strata
  • Pile group design
  • Installation-test-and factor of safety
  • Pile installation methods
  • Test piles
  • Factors of safety
  • Settlements of Pile Groups
  • Pile Caps
  • Pile Driving Formulas
  • Negative Skin Friction
  • Pile Tests
  • Pile design workshop
Day IV

Structural Design of Shallow Foundations

  • Isolated footing
  • Combined footings
  • Mat foundations

Structural Design of Deep Foundations

  • Types of deep foundations
  • Friction pile foundations
  • End bearing pile foundations

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Understand the definition of capacity of deep foundations
  • Understand the methods of calculating the axial capacity of driven piles
  • Understand Pile driving methods and testing
  • Understand methods of calculating the axial capacity of drilled shafts
  • Understand construction methods for drilled shafts
  • Understand pile/shaft response to lateral load
  • Understand pile/shaft group behavior
  • Design a deep foundation system
  • Recognize potential failure modes or deformation types for soil slopes and embankments
  • Develop the ability to judge when shallow foundations should be considered
  • List the failure modes of shallow foundations
  • Determine the bearing capacity of shallow and deep foundations on soils and rocks
  • Calculate vertical stress distribution below a shallow foundation
  • Determine the primary consolidation settlement of shallow foundations on cohesive soils
  • Determine the settlement of shallow foundations on cohesionless soils
  • Identify problematic soils that may be encountered
  • List the soil improvement techniques that may be used to improve the performance of shallow foundations
  • List ground improvement techniques that may be used to improve the performance of shallow foundations
  • Describe procedures for construction inspection and performance monitoring of shallow foundations
Instructor Dr. Gamal Abdelaziz, P.Eng, MSc. has a Ph.D. in Geotechnical Engineering from Concordia University, Montreal, Canada. Dr. Abdelaziz has served as a senior geotechnical engineer at DST Consulting engineers, Sarafinchin Consulting engineers, Trow Consulting and EBA engineering.
Currently he is adjunct professor at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario. He has over 25 years of experience in geotechnical and structural engineering, foundation design, teaching, research and consulting in Canada and overseas.   Dr. Abdelaziz is a former adjunct professor at University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada, visiting professor at Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada and part time professor at Seneca College, Toronto, Canada, and former senior geotechnical engineer at EBA Engineering, Trow Consulting, Sarafinchin Associates and DST Consulting Engineering.
Dr. Abdelaziz is specialized in numerical modeling for solving sophisticated geotechnical engineering problems with respect to pile foundation and the linear and nonlinear analysis of soil-structure interaction. He designed charts to predict pressures acting on tunnels, and developed analytical model for pile bearing capacity prediction.
Dr. Abdelaziz authored a number of technical papers and delivered numerous internal and external workshops on various geotechnical and Municipal engineering topics. Dr. Abdelaziz has been involved in a number of projects in Canada and overseas, such as tunneling, silos, buildings, retaining structures, siphons, irrigation networks and many other civil engineering projects in terms of design and construction.
Dr. Abdelaziz is a member in different professional societies such as APEGGA, PEO, CGS, CDA, TAC and ABPA. He is also a reviewer for the Canadian Geotechnical Journal.
Prerequisites & Certificates

Certificates offered

A certificate of completed Continuing Education Units (CEUs) will be granted at the end of this course. Each participant will receive a complete set of course notes and handouts that will serve as informative references.

Cancellation Policy
If you wish to withdraw from a course, you must advise us, in writing, including the official receipt. Our policies regarding refund are:

More than fifteen business days in advance: a full refund minus $50.00 administration charge.

Fifteen or less business days in advance: a transfer to another course or a credit, valid for one year, to another GIC course can be considered. Credits are transferable within your organization.

If the course has been running for more than 2 weeks, or after the course has started, an 80% credit towards another GIC course may be considered, if notice is received before the start date of the second session. After this time, no refunds or credits will be issued. If a speaker is not available due to unforeseen circumstances, another speaker of equal ability will be substituted.

GIC reserves the right to cancel or change the date or location of its events. GIC's responsibility will, under no circumstances, exceed the amount of the fee collected. GIC is not responsible for the purchase of non-refundable travel arrangements or accommodations or the cancellation/change fees associated with cancelling them. Please call to confirm that the course is running before confirming travel arrangements and accommodations.

Refund Policy: Allow up to 30 days for refunds to be processed.

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