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Course Outline
Description: Electric Power Systems are presently undergoing major transformative changes. The need to enhance power system stability in the wake of recent blackouts is being increasingly felt by power system planners and operating engineers. The transmission network is highly stressed and operating much below its thermal capacity. There is a perennial requirement of optimally utilizing existing transmission assets as compared to building new transmission facilities. The government emphasis and incentives for increasing the penetration of renewable energy sources in power systems have led to novel issues in power system operation. A thorough understanding of the basic power system principles is required to address these challenges. This seminar is geared to provide a comprehensive understanding of fundamental concepts of electric power systems. A large number of solved examples will be shown to enhance the understanding theoretical concepts. This seminar is a MUST for anyone who is involved in power system planning, design and operation. Objectives The objective of this course is to provide a detailed understanding of the basic components of modern power systems; their modeling and operating principles. The course will present an introduction to three phase transformers and transmission lines. Steady state analysis of power transmission lines under normal conditions will be discussed. Power flow studies, power system fault analysis under both symmetrical and unsymmetrical conditions, and power system stability studies will be covered in depth. Who Should Attend Electrical Power System Engineers, Managers, Power System Designers and Planners, Power System Operators, Technologists, and other technical personnel should attend this course. This seminar will be valuable for all those who wish to acquire or refresh knowledge of power systems concepts and utilize these in solving modern day power system problems. Program Outline Day 1 INTRODUCTION • Growth of Electric Power Systems • Historical perspectives • Present Scenario • Future Trends • Structure of Electric Utility Industry BASIC CONCEPTS • Power in Single Phase Circuits • Power in Balanced Three Phase Circuits • Power Triangle PER UNIT SYSTEM • Single Phase Circuits • Three Phase Circuits • Transformation of Base of Per Unit Quantities TRANSMISSION LINES • Line Resistance • Line Conductance • Line Inductance • Single Phase Line • Three Phase Line • Bundled Conductors • Line Capacitance • Single Phase Line • Three Phase Line • Bundled Conductors STEADY STATE OPERATION OF TRANSMISSION LINES • Short Transmission Line • Medium Length Transmission Line • Voltage Regulation • A BC D Parameters • Long Transmission Line • Surge Impedance Loading • Power Flow through a Transmission Line • Maximum Power Flow • Line Loadability • Reactive Compensation of Transmission Lines Day 2 POWER SYSTEM MODELING • Synchronous Generator • Single Phase Transformer • Per Unit Impedances of Single-Phase Transformer • Three Phase Transformer • Per Unit Impedances of Three-Phase Transformer • Three Winding Transformer • Single Line Diagram • Impedance and Reactance Diagrams • Significance of Per Unit System NETWORK REPRESENTATION • Equivalence of Sources • Node Equations • Bus Admittance matrix • Bus Impedance Matrix LOAD FLOW STUDIES • Sign Conventions • Types of Buses • Gauss-Seidel Method • Newton-Raphson Method • Comparison of Gauss-Seidel and Newton-Raphson Methods • Line Losses Computation • Fast Decoupled Load Flow Day 3 ECONOMIC OPERATION OF POWER SYSTEMS • Load Distribution Between Generators in a Plant • Transmission Loss Computation • Load Distribution Among Plants • Penalty Factors and Loss Computation • Automatic Generation Control SYMMETRICAL THREE PHASE FAULTS • Transients in Series R-L Circuit • Three Phase Short Circuit on Unloaded Generator • Three Phase Short Circuits in Power System • Short Circuit Level • Selection of Circuit Breakers SYMMETRICAL COMPONENTS • Synthesis of Unsymmetrical Phasors from Symmetrical Sets of Phasors • Symmetrical Components of Unsymmetrical Phasors • Power in Symmetrical Components • Sequence Impedances • Sequence Networks of Unloaded Generator • Sequence Networks of Loads • Sequence Networks of Lines • Sequence Networks of Transformers • Phase Shift of Symmetrical Components in Transformer Banks • Positive Sequence Networks of Power System • Negative Sequence Networks of Power System • Zero Sequence Networks of Power System Day 4 UNSYMMETRICAL FAULTS • System Representation • Single Line to Ground Fault on Unloaded Generator • Line to Line Fault on Unloaded Generator • Double Line to Ground Fault on Unloaded Generator • Unsymmetrical Faults on Power System • Single Line to Ground Fault on Power System • Line to Line Fault on Power System • Double Line to Ground Fault on Power System • Faults through Impedance POWER SYSTEM STABILITY • Types of Stability • Swing Equation • Power Angle Equation • Synchronizing Power Coefficient • Equal Area Criterion of Stability ADVANCED TRANSMISSION TECHNOLOGIES • Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) • Thyristor Based FACTS • Voltage Source Converter Based FACTS • High Voltage DC Transmission After Attending This Course You Will Be Able To: Understand different essential powers system components –generators, transformers, transmission lines and loads Analyze and solve three phase transmission systems Perform load flow studies for simple power systems. Plan operation of generators at minimum cost. Formulate the system equations for different types of fault analysis. Compute power transmission capability of a transmission system and apply reactive compensation methods for its improvement. Identify the needs of stable power system operation and use control techniques to enhance system stability. Course Reference Materials: 1. J. D. Glover, M.S. Sarma and T.J. Overbye, Power System Analysis and Design, 4th Edition, Thomson, 2008. 2. J. J Grainger and W. D. Stevenson, Jr., Power System Analysis, McGraw-Hill, Inc. New York, 1994. 3. S. A. Nasar, Theory and Problems of Electric Power Systems, Schaum's Outline Series, McGraw- Hill, New York, 1990. Instructor Dr. Rajiv K. Varma, SMG Power Consultant, obtained his B.Tech. and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur, India, in 1980 and 1988, respectively. He is currently an Associate Professor at the University of Western Ontario (UWO), Canada. Prior to this position, he was a faculty member in the Electrical Engineering Department at IIT Kanpur, India, from 1989-2001. While in India, he was awarded the Government of India BOYSCAST Young Scientist Fellowship in 1992-93 to conduct research on Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) at the University of Western Ontario (UWO). He also received the Fulbright grant of the U.S. Educational Foundation in India, to conduct research in FACTS at Bonneville Power Administration (B.P.A.), Portland, Oregon, USA, during May-Aug. 1998. Dr. Rajiv Varma has received nine Teaching Excellence awards both at the Faculty of Engineering and University level at The University of Western Ontario in his eight years tenure. He has taught undergraduate courses on Electric Power Systems, Electric Machines, Electric Energy Conversion involving conventional and renewable energy systems, and graduate course on Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS). Dr. Varma has co-authored the book “Thyristor-Based FACTS Controllers for Electrical Transmission Systems” published by IEEE Press and John Wiley & Sons. This book is being used as a textbook in several Universities and is serving as an important comprehensive resource for academicians, students and practicing engineers in FACTS technology, worldwide. This book has also been translated into Chinese by Wiley. He has been the Editor of IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery from 2003-2008. He is the Chair of IEEE Working Group on "FACTS and HVDC Bibliography" and is active on a number of other IEEE working groups. Rajiv Varma has delivered several Tutorials on “Static Var Compensator (SVC)” conducted by the IEEE Substations Committee SVC Working Group, in IEEE Conferences. He has also conducted several courses and Tutorials on FACTS, internationally. His research interests include FACTS, power systems stability, and grid integration of wind and photovoltaic solar power systems. He currently co-leads a pioneering $ 6 million project on “Large-Scale Photovoltaic Solar Power Integration in Transmission and Distribution Networks” funded by the Ontario Centres of Excellence in Ontario, Canada.
Prerequisites & Certificates


Certificates offered

2.4 CEUs / 24 PDHs

Cancellation Policy
If you wish to withdraw from a course, you must advise us, in writing, including the official receipt. Our policies regarding refund are:

More than fifteen business days in advance: a full refund minus $50.00 administration charge.

Fifteen or less business days in advance: a transfer to another course or a credit, valid for one year, to another GIC course can be considered. Credits are transferable within your organization.

If the course has been running for more than 2 weeks, or after the course has started, an 80% credit towards another GIC course may be considered, if notice is received before the start date of the second session. After this time, no refunds or credits will be issued. If a speaker is not available due to unforeseen circumstances, another speaker of equal ability will be substituted.

GIC reserves the right to cancel or change the date or location of its events. GIC's responsibility will, under no circumstances, exceed the amount of the fee collected. GIC is not responsible for the purchase of non-refundable travel arrangements or accommodations or the cancellation/change fees associated with cancelling them. Please call to confirm that the course is running before confirming travel arrangements and accommodations.

Refund Policy: Allow up to 30 days for refunds to be processed.

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