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Participants will have an overview of the codes & standards governing the design of pressure retaining components & the piping design process. Upon completion, they will understand pipe sizing for various flow conditions & pipe wall thickness calculation

Course Outline

The participant of this seminar will have an overview of the codes and standards governing the design of pressure retaining components and the piping design process. By the end of the seminar, the participant will understand pipe sizing for various flow conditions and pipe wall thickness calculation for internal pressure. Flow and pressure drop calculation; allowable stress and basic piping stress analysis, loading on piping system. Various components that make up a piping system. Good piping design and layout practices. All topics are introduced to individuals with no or limited background on the subject.


The Objective of this course is to provide the basic knowledge and tools required to design a functional pipe system for process and power plants. A practical and systematic approach is used to guide the participants through out the piping design process from conceptual phase to the completed product, ready for fabrication and installation. Pipe failure case studies will be included as part of the discussion to provide an insight into systems that did not perform as expected. The key to success of the course is the practical aspect of the material. Participants can readily apply the knowledge learned in the course as soon as they are back in their office.

Target Audience:

Design and project engineers and technologists, plant and facility engineers, consultants, mechanical engineers and technologists, maintenance and operation personnel and other technical personnel who need to upgrade/refresh their current knowledge of Piping systems for process plants.

After Attending This Course You Will Be Able To

  • Understand codes and standards governing the design of pressure retaining components, pipe sizing, stress due to internal pressure, thermal stress and other loadings.
  • Learn systematic approach to design a piping system.
  • Gain insight into good piping layout practices, why piping system fails and case studies.
Program Outline (12 PDH)

Design of Piping System

Day 1

Codes and standards

Development of Codes and Standards.
ASME, ANSI standards, Piping & pressure vessel code
CSA standards. Boiler and Pressure Vessel Act
Provincial Regulators

Property of pipe

Method of production, property of pipe
Material Selection

Pipe Joints

  • Flanged
  • Welded
  • Soldered and brazed
  • Threaded
  • Commonly used pipe joints and Fittings

Flow of fluid and friction loss

  • Factor that affects the optimum pipe sizing
  • Pipe sizing and pressure drop of incompressible fluid
  • Flow of fluid through piping components
  • Lunch

Mechanical design of piping system.

  • Pipe wall thickness calculation
  • Piping under internal pressure
  • Stress in a piping system
  • Wall thickness Calculation
  • Fittings and Joints

Pipe Support

  • Types of pipe support
  • Size a spring hanger
  • Inspection and maintenance

Flexibility calculation and stress analysis

  • Expansion and stress
  • Allowable stress, code requirement
  • Stress intensification factor
Day 2

Flexibility calculation and stress analysis (Continued)

  • General flexible requirement
  • External loading on piping system
  • Nozzle loading on equipments
  • Discussion on Stress analysis software and demonstration

Acoustic vibration, Pressure transient, vibration, erosion corrosion.

  • Pressure surge, water hammer
  • Vibration
  • Erosion corrosion in a piping system

Piping system layout

  • General considerations
  • Information required prior to system layout
  • Good layout practices, human factor consideration
  • Lunch

Piping system layout (Continue)

  • Piping layout for equipments
  • Layout to allow pipe flexibility
  • Examples of typical piping arrangements
  • Discussion on Piping layout software and demonstration

Pipe Failure Case Studies

  • Pipe failure due to poor piping layout
  • Pipe failure due to erosion and corrosion

Question and answer, networking.


Gee Sham P.Eng. Senior Engineer with former Bechtel International, former Ontario Hydro and various consulting companies, bringing with him in the area of piping design, layout, analysis and operation for Process and Power plants.

He has provided expertise as a consultant and act as lead design engineer in mining, food processing, petro-chemical and power plants in Canadian and International projects. In addition to the design and construction phase of the project, he was also the project lead in system commissioning and plant start-up activities.

Gee Sham also has many years of experience in operation and maintenance of process and power plants. The main areas including system performance improvement and leading multi-discipline teams to perform troubleshooting, root cause analysis and failure analysis. In addition, he has work as a project engineer to execute design and modification in Mechanical and Instrumental and Control projects.

As an active instructor in this field, he has been involved in industrial training for over 25 years. He has taught courses in technical colleges, in-house training for consulting companies and offer lectures in various technical training institutions. Students from across Canada and overseas have participate in these courses and have provide very positive feedbacks.
Prerequisites & Certificates

Certificates offered

Each participant will receive a complete set of course notes and handouts that will serve as informative references. A certificate of completed Continuing Education Units (CEUs) will be granted at the end of this course.

Cancellation Policy
If you wish to withdraw from a course, you must advise us, in writing, including the official receipt. Our policies regarding refund are:

More than fifteen business days in advance: a full refund minus $50.00 administration charge.

Fifteen or less business days in advance: a transfer to another course or a credit, valid for one year, to another GIC course can be considered. Credits are transferable within your organization.

If the course has been running for more than 2 weeks, or after the course has started, an 80% credit towards another GIC course may be considered, if notice is received before the start date of the second session. After this time, no refunds or credits will be issued. If a speaker is not available due to unforeseen circumstances, another speaker of equal ability will be substituted.

GIC reserves the right to cancel or change the date or location of its events. GIC's responsibility will, under no circumstances, exceed the amount of the fee collected. GIC is not responsible for the purchase of non-refundable travel arrangements or accommodations or the cancellation/change fees associated with cancelling them. Please call to confirm that the course is running before confirming travel arrangements and accommodations.

Refund Policy: Allow up to 30 days for refunds to be processed.

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