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This course explains the power system and discusses how to improve power transmission reliability in an effort to reduce the occurrence of power outages. It reviews the power system fundamentals that apply to generation, transmission and distribution.

Course Outline
This course explains the power system and discusses how to improve power transmission reliability in an effort to reduce the occurrence of power outages. The course reviews the power system fundamentals that apply to generation, transmission and distribution. It discusses the stability and reliability issues involved in an interconnected power system and the operation of the grid. The present regulatory environment is discussed and the measures to ensure stability are explained.    
Objective To provide a clear understanding of power system reliability through a step-by-step review of the power system elements and analysis, concepts of real and reactive power and their utilization in power transmission, line protection and its importance in maintaining system stability, and the latest developments to enhance the bulk power system reliability.

Who Should Attend Utility engineers, power transmission and power distribution engineers and those who  are concerned with reliability of bulk power systems, electric power engineers in industry, cogeneration power engineers with responsibility for power grid interface, and consulting engineers who advise on electrical power transmission, distribution and protection.

Program Outline Faculty:  Amitabha Gangopadhyay, M.Eng., P.Eng.

Day I 9:00   Registration and Coffee   
          Welcome and Introduction

9:30   Review of Power System Fundamentals
  • Power generation, transmission and distributions
  • Single and three phase power
  • Instantaneous power, RMS power
  • Real power, reactive power, complex power
  • Total power in 3-phase circuits
  • Transmission conductors
  • Balanced and unbalanced power
  • Symmetrical components and its applications
  • Questions and answers
10:00  Refreshments and Networking
10:15  Power Transmission Overview
  • Power transmission and distribution overview
  • AC versus DC transmission
  • AC power transmissions – OH and UG
  • Tower classification in OH transmission
  • Short vs. long transmission lines – voltage-current relationship
  • Series impedance of a transmission line
  • Capacitance of transmission lines
  • Phase shifting regulators
  • Questions and answers
12: 00 Lunch
1:00    Power Transmission and Stability
  • Per unit computation
  • Reactive loading and compensation
  • Basics of network modeling and load flow studies
  • Power system stability
  • Rotor dynamics and swing equations
  • Steady state stability and power transfer criteria
  • Line faults
   • Dynamic stability
   • Questions and answers
2:30    Refreshments and Networking
2: 45   Power System Stability
  • Power system dynamics and power swings
  • Power swing characteristics
  • Impact of power swings
  • Inter area oscillations and power swing recording
  • Impedance relays and power swings
  • What is power system reliability?
  • North American interconnections
4:00    Open Forum
  • Questions and answers
4:30    Adjournment
Day II
9:30   Blackout 2003 and NERC
  • Blackout 2003 -  impact, root causes and recommendations
  • North American Reliability Corporation and its roles
  • Reliability framework in the U.S. and in Canada
  • Reliability standards and implementations
  • Questions and answers

10: 00  Refreshments and Networking

10: 15  Power System Reliability - Issues and Developments
   • Reliability metrics in distribution systems
   • Transmission adequacy and reliability
   • Regional transmission planning
   • New transmission projects ease congestion
   • Distributed generation to improve reliability
     - Wind
     - Natural Gas
     - Solar
     - Others
   • Long term reliability assessment – NERC study
   • Questions and answers
12:00   Lunch
1:00    Impact of New Technologies in System Reliability
   • Demand side management
   • Smart grid
     - FACT devices in HVDC
     - PMUs
   • Cyber security
2: 00    Reliability Trends
   • Trend of events
   • NERC standards and their impacts on electric reliability
   • Non-compliances and gaps
   • Questions and answers
3:00  Refreshments and Networking
3:15  Power System Reliability – A Summary
• Is the North American grid better today?
• Is the transmission trend adequate?
• Regulatory oversight must help
4:00  Open Forum
• Questions and answers
4:30  Concluding Remarks and Final Adjournment
After Participating in this Course, You will be Able to:
  • Interact more effectively with other work groups involved with transmission, generation and the operation of the grid
  • Apply knowledge of electrical theory to the power system operations
  • Monitor the performance and take corrective action if parameters are beyond the normal operating limits
  • Use the understanding of the regulatory environment to comply with the requirements
  • Improve the stability of the grid and the reliability of supply to the user community with the appreciation from the course of how North American grid frequency and voltage are controlled

Prerequisites & Certificates

Certificates offered

1.2 CEUs / 12 PDHs

Cancellation Policy
To withdraw from a course, you must send a request, in writing, with the official receipt to our office. Fifteen or more business days in advance: full refund less $50.00 administration charge. Five to fifteen business days in advance: non-refundable credit of equal value for any future EPIC seminar within one year. Credits are transferable within your organization. In case of an unexpected event occurring after this time, you may send someone else to take your place without any additional cost.
Map & Reviews
EPIC Educational Program Innovations Center
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Here are some reviews of the training vendor.
The course was very well presented and the course instructor was absolutely amazing.
Reviewed by 2013
Our instructor, Stephen Lamming, was outstanding and a true expert in his field. He was able to complement the technical air monitoring information with practical real life examples which was highly beneficial. He is an excellent communicator and was highly interactive with the course attendees. This course was recommended to me because Stephen Lamming does an outstanding job. I was very impressed with this course and have subsequently recommended it to my colleagues.
Reviewed by 2012
Would have liked more interactive problem solving.
Reviewed by 2011

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