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This seminar emphasizes both theory and practice so that you will have a firm foundation of knowledge when you begin your next design or construction project or when you encounter problems in your electrical system which must be corrected.

Course Outline
After participating in this course, you will be able to:

€¢ Identify and prevent safety hazards to personnel who come in contact with electrical systems
€¢ Prevent equipment failures and malfunctions by employing proper grounding techniques
€¢ Interpret codes and standards related to grounding
€¢ Ensure proper operation of communications, computer and control systems by proper grounding and bonding
€¢ Apply to your projects lightning protection methods learnt in the course
€¢ Categorize substation grounding concepts
€¢ Upgrade the grounding of electronics using the knowledge gained from the course


There is more that is not understood than what is understood about grounding and bonding of electrical systems.  This seminar will emphasize both theory and practice so that you will have a firm foundation of knowledge when you begin your next design or construction project, or when you next encounter problems in your electrical system which must be corrected for safety, operational or power quality reasons. Case studies will be presented to discuss grounding and bonding applications in a variety of areas in order to reinforce fundamental grounding principles common to a variety of applications.


To enhance personnel and equipment safety and operations efficiency by familiarizing participants with the fundamentals, purpose, need and applications of electrical grounding and bonding techniques.

Who Should Attend

Electrical engineers, design engineers, electrical engineering managers, project managers, power quality specialists, maintenance managers, consultants, electronics and controls personnel, traffic signal designers and operators,  and technologists responsible for the design, construction, installation, inspection, operation, or maintenance of electrical systems.

Program Outline

Day I

Registration and Coffee

Welcome, Introduction, Workshop Preview, Learning Outcomes and the Assessment Method

€¢ Definitions
€¢ Electrical code objectives
€¢ Ground currents
€¢ Resistance and resistivity
€¢ Electrical shock hazards

What Is Grounding?
€¢ Grounding methods
€¢ Electrical code requirements
€¢ System grounding €" single and multiple services
€¢ Unwanted current flow
€¢ Grounding electrodes and grounding methods
€¢ Effects of emergency generators

Electrical Safety Grounding
€¢ Common electrical hazards
€¢ Rules for working around live electrical equipment
€¢ Electrical safety grounding
€¢ Electrical code clearances

What Is Bonding?
€¢ Grounding and bonding €" the differences
€¢ Body resistance and electric shock
€¢ Bonding definition and purposes
€¢ Electrical code requirements
€¢ Methods of bonding and what must be bonded
€¢ Single point bonding

Other Important Information
€¢ Ground faults €" impedance effects and effective fault paths
€¢ Earth resistance vs. resistivity
€¢ Ground fault protection
€¢ Single conductor cables - circulating and eddy currents    

Questions and Answers


Day II

Substation Grounding
€¢ Permissible body currents
€¢ Step and touch potentials
€¢ Grounding resistance and resistivity
€¢ Substation ground electrodes
€¢ ANSI/IEEE grounding standard

Electronic Equipment
€¢ Frequency and power quality
€¢ Frequency response of conductors
€¢ Minimizing electrical interference
€¢ Shielding methods

Lightning Protection
€¢ The nature of lightning
€¢ Lightning protection principles and methods
€¢ Protection equipment and grounding methods
€¢ Surge protection and insulation coordination

Measurement Techniques
€¢ Ground resistance and resistivity
€¢ Effects of moisture and temperature
€¢ Measurement methods

Case Study I €" Retrofitting an Existing Installation

Case Study II €" Surge Protection

Questions and Answers and Feedback to Participants on Achievement of Learning Outcomes

Final Adjournment

There will be a one hour lunch break in addition to a refreshments and networking break during each morning and afternoon session.

Daily Schedule:
8:00    Registration and Coffee (Day I only)
8:30    Session begins
12:00  Lunch
4:30    Adjournment


Ajit Bapat
Ajit Bapat is well known in the electrical distribution field having served over 40 years in the industry. His expertise in the art and science of ground fault protection is acknowledged in North America. He holds Master's Degrees in Business Administration and Electrical Engineering, specializing in power systems and power system protection, and has particular interest in ground fault protection, digital metering systems, microprocessor based integrated systems for protection, metering, monitoring and control of power distribution systems. He is a member of Professional Engineers Ontario and a  senior life member of the IEEE.
Prerequisites & Certificates

Certificates offered

1.4 CEUs / 14 PDHs

Cancellation Policy
To withdraw from a course, you must send a request, in writing, with the official receipt to our office. Fifteen or more business days in advance: full refund less $50.00 administration charge. Five to fifteen business days in advance: non-refundable credit of equal value for any future EPIC seminar within one year. Credits are transferable within your organization. In case of an unexpected event occurring after this time, you may send someone else to take your place without any additional cost.
Map & Reviews
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Here are some reviews of the training vendor.
The course was very well presented and the course instructor was absolutely amazing.
Reviewed by 2013
Our instructor, Stephen Lamming, was outstanding and a true expert in his field. He was able to complement the technical air monitoring information with practical real life examples which was highly beneficial. He is an excellent communicator and was highly interactive with the course attendees. This course was recommended to me because Stephen Lamming does an outstanding job. I was very impressed with this course and have subsequently recommended it to my colleagues.
Reviewed by 2012
Would have liked more interactive problem solving.
Reviewed by 2011

This course currently does not have any dates scheduled. Please call 1-877-313-8881 to enquire about future dates or scheduling a private, in house course for your team.

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