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This course presents a comprehensive overview of the elements of power distribution systems and then deals with the major concerns and issues. It also covers grounding, electrical system protection distribution automation and non-utility generation.

Course Outline
Reliability, power quality and interrelationship between operations and planning are some of the concerns of the employers in the power distribution field. This course presents a comprehensive overview of the elements of power distribution systems and then deals with the major concerns and issues. It also covers grounding, electrical system protection distribution automation and non-utility generation.  Future trends, particularly relating to open access, are also discussed.

You are expected to bring specific problems or questions which will be dealt with during the appropriate sessions or panel discussion.

Who Should Attend Plant engineers, electrical engineers in industry, power engineering consultants, utility professionals and their technical support staff as well as those electrical engineers who want to switch to electrical power distribution. This course will be a refresher for those with experience and a comprehensive overview for those who are comparatively new to this industry.

Objective To provide a better understanding of electrical power distribution issues.

Program Outline
Faculty:  Ajit Bapat, P.Eng., M.Eng., MBA

Day I
Registration and Coffee
Welcome and Introduction

Electrical Distribution System – An Overview
• Power system – generation, distribution and utilization
• Three and four wire distribution circuits
• Substation types
• Substation schemes
• Location selection and design factors
• Distribution transformer connections
• Switching components and their ratings
• Environmental requirements – EMF mitigation
• Load characteristics

Distribution Automation and Demand Side Management
• Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA)
• Communication backbone and protocols
• Distribution automation
• Demand side management
• Load control systems and metering


Day II
Distribution Grounding

• Source and distribution of ground currents
• Hazards to individuals working with electrical systems
• Ground potential rise at substations
• Tolerable limits of body currents during faults
• Calculation of allowable step and touch potentials
• Control of voltage gradient

Electrical System Protection

• Power system faults
• Requirements of protection systems
• Protective relaying
• Circuit breakers vs. Fuses
• Protective system coordination

Non-Utility Generation Overview

• Impact of a NUG on the distribution system
• Connection requirements of a NUG to a utility system
• Renewable energy technologies
• Wheeling its status, options, who can use it
• How to get ready
• Power contacts


• Impact of deregulation on system operation
• Phases of MEU’s development during deregulation
• System operation objectives in a deregulated environment
• Distribution Operation Model
• Operational consideration at the planning and design stage


Power Quality
• Power as a product
• Factors contributing to power quality
• Non-linear loads
• Harmonics
• Transients
• Power/voltage surges
• Effects of power quality on the supply utility and customers
• Possible solutions at the customer side and at the utility


• Definition
• Reliability indices
• Customer interrupting costs
• Standards for quality assurance
• Purchasing
• Materials, equipment and cost affecting reliability
• Measures to increase reliability
• System design
• Infrared scanning
• Maintenance program
• Rehabilitation

Open Forum – Questions and Answers

Concluding Remarks and Final Adjournment

There will be a one-hour lunch break each day in addition to refreshment and networking breaks during the morning and afternoon.  Lunch and refreshments will be provided.

After Participating in this Course, You will be Able to:
  • Categorize the elements of a power distribution according to their importance to the efficiency of the whole system
  • Consider non-utility power generation in relation to its impact on quality of power 
  • Optimize planning and operations by better appreciating the close relationship between them
  • Recognize the mutual impact of the electrical power distribution system and power quality and reliability
  • Determine the power protection needs of your electrical distribution systems
  • Make improvements to your power distribution system with the new knowledge about power substation, grounding, system and distribution automation and demand side management
Daily Schedule:
8:00    Registration and Coffee (Day I only)
8:30    Session begins
4:30    Adjournment

Ajit Bapat
Ajit Bapat is well known in the electrical distribution field for his 40 years of expertise in the art and science of ground fault protection. He holds Master's degrees in business administration and electrical engineering, specializing in power systems and power system protection. He has particular interest in ground fault protection; digital metering systems; microprocessor based integrated systems for protection; and the metering, monitoring, and control of power distribution systems. A member of Professional Engineers Ontario, he is also a senior life member of the IEEE.

Prerequisites & Certificates

Certificates offered

2.1 CEUs/21 PDHs

Cancellation Policy
To withdraw from a course, you must send a request, in writing, with the official receipt to our office. Fifteen or more business days in advance: full refund less $50.00 administration charge. Five to fifteen business days in advance: non-refundable credit of equal value for any future EPIC seminar within one year. Credits are transferable within your organization. In case of an unexpected event occurring after this time, you may send someone else to take your place without any additional cost.
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Here are some reviews of the training vendor.
The course was very well presented and the course instructor was absolutely amazing.
Reviewed by 2013
Our instructor, Stephen Lamming, was outstanding and a true expert in his field. He was able to complement the technical air monitoring information with practical real life examples which was highly beneficial. He is an excellent communicator and was highly interactive with the course attendees. This course was recommended to me because Stephen Lamming does an outstanding job. I was very impressed with this course and have subsequently recommended it to my colleagues.
Reviewed by 2012
Would have liked more interactive problem solving.
Reviewed by 2011

This course currently does not have any dates scheduled. Please call 1-877-313-8881 to enquire about future dates or scheduling a private, in house course for your team.

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