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This course is designed to for individuals who would like a basic understanding of Electrical Theory and Equipment Principles. It presents the fundamental concepts associated with electricity in equipment that require Active and Reactive Power.

Course Outline
Fundamental understanding of the theory that explains how electrical circuits and equipment function is a benefit to the industry and non-electrical engineers employed by the industry. The procurement, installation, operation and maintenance of equipment is often controlled by employees who may not have received Electrical Engineering training. This course is designed to meet the needs of individuals who would like a basic understanding of Electrical Theory and Equipment Principles.  It  presents the fundamental concepts associated with electricity in circuits and equipment that require Active and Reactive Power. Exercises illustrating many of the concepts are completed under instructor guidance during the course. Learning Objectives

To provide basic knowledge of electrical laws, and mathematics to enhance understanding and safe, efficient, stable operation of electrical equipment that includes transformers, induction motors, generators, transmission and distribution systems. 

Who Should Attend

Engineers of any discipline, management personnel, scientists, operators, procurement personnel, suppliers of electrical equipment, control technicians, technicians and technologists, and other individuals not trained in electrical engineering but involved with electrical equipment.

Program Outline

Instructor: Dan Gray, B.A.Sc., P. ENG.

Day 1

8:00    Introductions and Course Outline         

8:30    Direct Current Circuits 

•  Series Circuits
•  Voltage, Current, Resistance
•  Ohm’s Law
•  Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)
•  Current, Voltage Drop Calculations
•  Series Resistance
•  Power Calculations

10:00 Refreshments and Networking

10:20 Parallel Circuits

•  Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL)
•  Current, Power Calculations
•  Parallel Resistance
•  Series Parallel Circuits

12:00 Lunch

1:00   Electric and Magnetic Fields

•  Capacitance
•  Current and Voltage in an RC circuit
•  Energy Stored in a Capacitor
•  Inductance
•  Current and Voltage in an RL circuit
•  Energy Stored in an Inductance
•  Magnetic Flux Concepts
•  Faraday’s Law
•  Induced Voltage by Changing Magnetic Flux

2:30   Refreshments and Networking

2:50   Alternating Current Circuits

•  Sinusoidal Voltage and Current
•  Ohm’s Law for Resistance
•  Power in a Resistance
•  Active, True, Real Power
•  Root Mean Square (RMS) value of Sine Wave
•  Current and Voltage Relationship for a Capacitor
•  Capacitive Reactance
•  Power Flow in a Capacitor
•  Capacitive Reactive Power
•  Current and Voltage Relationship for an Inductance
•  Inductive Reactance
•  Power Flow in an Inductance
•  Inductive Reactive Power
•  Oscillating Mass and Spring as Mechanical analog of
    Reactive Power

4:30    Adjournment

Day II

8:30   Alternating Current Series Circuit

•  RLC Series Circuit
•  Impedance(Polar & Rectangular)
•  Reason For Using Complex Numbers
•  Complex Numbers Replace Differential Equations
•  Transient and Steady State Response
•  RMS Current and Voltage Calculations for Impedance
•  Phase Angle Between Current and Voltage
•  Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)
•  Active, Reactive, Apparent Power, and Power Factor

10:00       Refreshments and Networking
10:15  Alternating Current Parallel Circuits

•  RLC Parallel Circuit
•  Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL)
•  RMS Current Calculations
•  Parallel Impedance
•  Phase Angle Between Current and Voltage
•  Active, Reactive, Apparent Power, and Power Factor
•  Power Factor Correction
•  Resonance

12:00 Lunch

1:00   Balanced Three Phase Circuits

Star / Wye Connection
• Line and Phase Voltage
• Line and Phase Current
• Power in Star Connection

Delta / Mesh Connection
• Line and Phase Current
• Line and Phase Voltage
• Power in Delta Connection

2:40   Refreshments and Networking

3:00   Transformers

• Primary and Secondary Windings
• Laminated Core
• Hysteresis
• Eddy Currents
• Transformation Ratio
•  Current and Voltage in Primary and
    Secondary Windings
•  Lenz’s Law
•  Winding Impedance
•  Voltage Regulation
•  Tap Changers
•  Heating Losses and Cooling

3:30   Three Phase Induction Motors

•  Stator Windings
•  Stator Core
•  Rotor Bars
•  Rotor Core
•  Rotating Magnetic Field
•  Rotor Speed
•  Slip Speed
•  Load Characteristics (Current, Speed, Torque)
•  Heating Losses and Cooling
•  Motor Control

4:30   Adjournment


8:30  Three-Phase Synchronous Generator

•  Stator Windings
•  Stator Core
•  Rotor Windings
•  Rotor Core
•  Heating Losses
•  Stator Induced Voltage
•  Rotor Current and Magnetic Flux
•  Generator Excitation
•  Field Discharge Resistor
•  AVR Control of Terminal Voltage
•  Synchronizing (Phase Sequence, Frequency,
    Terminal Voltage, Phase)
•  Use of Synchroscope and Voltmeters
•  Capacitive and Inductive Loading

10:00 Refreshments and Networking

10:20  Speed and Power Control

•  Governor Characteristics
•  Frequency Control
•  Proportional and Isochronous Mode
•  Standby Generators on a Finite Grid
•  Armature Reaction and Effect on Terminal Voltage,
    Load Angle and Power Factor
•  Active Power, Reactive Power, Apparent Power, and
    Power Factor

12:00 Lunch

1:00   Synchronous Generator Operating Characteristics

•  Generator on an Infinite Grid
•  Rotor Speed Control
•  Turbine Loading and Generator Active Power
•  Armature Reaction and Effect on Terminal Voltage,
    Load Angle and PF
•  Phasor Diagram of Generator with Constant Excitation
    and Varying Prime Mover Power
•  Generator Excitation
•  AVR Control of Terminal Voltage

2:30   Refreshments and Networking

2:50   Synchronous Generator Operating Characteristics

•  Excitation and Reactive Power Production and
    Affect on Load Angle & PF
•  Phasor Diagram of Generator with Constant Power and
    Varying Excitation
•  Active Power, Reactive Power, Apparent Power, an
    Power Factor

4:30   Adjournment

Day IV

8:30    Generator and Transmission Line Stability

•  Generator Load Angle and Stability
•  Transmission Line Load Angle and Stability
•  Phasor Diagram for Generator and Transmission Line
•  Power Transfer Curve
•  Effect of Inductance on Stability and Active Power
•  Stability Criteria
•  Accelerating and Decelerating Forces

10:00  Refreshments and Networking

10:20  Load Angle Transients

•  Generator Load Angle Transients due to:
    Excitation decrease Power Increase
    Loss of Transmission Line
•  Methods for Improving Stability
•  The Power System Stabilizer

12:00 Lunch

1:00   Generator Operating Limitations

•  Capability Curves
•  Stator Windings
•  Rotor Windings
•  Stator Core
•  Over-fluxing
•  Stator Core Ends
•  Under Excitation
•  Stability Limit

2:30   Refreshments and Networking

3:00  Generator Cooling

•  Stator Conductors
•  Rotor Conductors
•  Stator Core

3:45    Concluding Remarks and Final Adjournment

After Participating in the Course, You will be Able to:
  • Interact more effectively with other work groups in your power plant
  • Apply knowledge of electrical theory to enhance understanding of safe electrical equipment operating principles
  • Monitor instrument indications and take corrective action if parameters are beyond normal operating limits and prevent damage to equipment and personnel
  • Use understanding of watts, vars, volt-amps, and power factor and efficient operation of electrical equipment.
  • Improve stability of a synchronous generator supplying a large grid or operating as a standby generator with a clear understanding of the electrical science.
  • Appreciate how the North American Grid frequency and voltage are controlled and apply principles used to enhance control and stability

Dan Gray, B.A.Sc., P. ENG. Dan Gray, B.A.Sc. Electrical, University of Toronto, P. Eng., is self-employed Electrical Engineer with over 35 years of experience in  Electrical Equipment Manufacturing, Operator and Engineer Training in Nuclear Power Plant Operating Principles, and Financial Accounting.  

He is also a present member of   Professional Engineers of Ontario  (PEO) and has served on Georgian Bay Chapter of PEO  as Treasurer and Chairman, Big Brothers as Treasurer in the past.
Prerequisites & Certificates

Certificates offered

2.4 CEUs / 24 PDHs

Cancellation Policy
To withdraw from a course, you must send a request, in writing, with the official receipt to our office. Fifteen or more business days in advance: full refund less $50.00 administration charge. Five to fifteen business days in advance: non-refundable credit of equal value for any future EPIC seminar within one year. Credits are transferable within your organization. In case of an unexpected event occurring after this time, you may send someone else to take your place without any additional cost.
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Here are some reviews of the training vendor.
The course was very well presented and the course instructor was absolutely amazing.
Reviewed by 2013
Our instructor, Stephen Lamming, was outstanding and a true expert in his field. He was able to complement the technical air monitoring information with practical real life examples which was highly beneficial. He is an excellent communicator and was highly interactive with the course attendees. This course was recommended to me because Stephen Lamming does an outstanding job. I was very impressed with this course and have subsequently recommended it to my colleagues.
Reviewed by 2012
Would have liked more interactive problem solving.
Reviewed by 2011

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