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Apache Tomcat Administration covers the details of installing and configuring Tomcat Web Server. Students will learn the details of the server.xml configuration file, an overview of Servlet and JavaServer Pages, and much more.


 
Course Outline
Tomcat Training Summary

Students will learn the details of the server.xml configuration file, an overview of Servlet and JavaServer Pages, a comparison of Tomcat to J2EE application servers, the Tomcat installation directories, deploying Java Web applications, the web.xml file, valves, logging, security realms, connecting Tomcat to Apache Web Server, hosting multiple Web sites, performance and scalability issues, load testing, clustering, monitoring, the Tomcat Manager and the Tomcat Administration tool.

Tomcat Training Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

  • Explain how Tomcat relates to Java EE (J2EE) and compares to other application servers (e.g. JBoss)
  • Install and setup Tomcat on both Windows and UNIX-type environments
  • Deploy, support, and troubleshoot applications on Tomcat
  • Navigate Tomcat's directory structure
  • Understand Tomcat architecture and configuration files: server.xml, context.xml, .properties, etc.
  • Understand web application structure and configuration: web.xml
  • Secure Tomcat and applications running on it
  • Set up Tomcat for SSL
  • Tune Tomcat's performance
  • Explore different load-balancing and high-availability strategies with Tomcat 
Audience for Tomcat Training

This course is for web/application server administrators who need to be able to install, configure, run, and tune the Apache Tomcat Application Server.

Additional Notes for Tomcat Training

This course can be taught on both Windows and UNIX/Linux-type environments. The instructor covers both options during the training.

Tomcat Training Outline
Apache Tomcat Overview
  • Brief history of Apache
  • The Apache Software Foundation
  • The Jakarta Project
  • Tomcat Licensing
  • The J2EE Technologies
  • Java Web Development
  • Servlet/JSP Containers
Java Web Applications
  • Overview of Servlets
  • Advantages of Servlets
  • Lifecycle of a Servlet
  • Overview of JavaServer Pages
  • A Simple JavaServer Page
  • JSP and JavaBeans
  • JSP Tag Libraries
  • The MVC frameworks (e.g. Struts)
Installing Tomcat
  • Downloading and Installing Apache Tomcat
  • Overview of Installing Tomcat
  • Download and install a JVM
  • Download Tomcat
  • Using the Windows installer
  • Understanding Java memory managemenet and tweaking the JVM for performance
  • Download and install Ant
Tomcat Directories
  • Examining the Tomcat Installation Directories
  • Tomcat Directory Structure
  • The bin Directory
  • common and shared Directories
  • The conf Directory
  • The logs Directory
  • The server directory
  • The work Directory
  • The temp Directory
  • The webapps Directory
  • Web Application Directory Structure
  • Deploying HTML and JSP Pages
  • Deploying a Web Context
  • Viewing the JSP Page
  • Viewing the Generated Code
  • Lab 1: Deploying a Web App
Configuring Tomcat
  • Tomcat Configuration Techniques
  • Tomcat’s Component Architecture
  • The <Server> Element
  • The <Service> Element
  • The <Connector> Element
  • The <Engine> Element
  • The <Host> Element
  • The <Context> Element
  • The <Realm> Element
  • The <Valve> Element
  • The <Listener> Element
  • The <Loader> Element
  • The <Manager> Element
  • The server.xml File
  • Lab 2: Modifying server.xml
Deploying Web Applications
  • Web Application Administration
  • Deploying Web Applications
  • The Directory Structure of a Web App
  • web.xml configuration file
  • Deployment Descriptors
  • The <web-app></web-app> Element
  • Mapping a Servlet to a URL
  • The <resource-ref></resource-ref> Element
  • The <env-entry></env-entry> Element
  • The <ejb-ref></ejb-ref> Element
  • A Sample web.xml file
  • Lab 3: Deploying a Web Application
  • Tomcat's default conf/web.xml file
  • Tuning default JSP and Static-content servlets
The Tomcat Manager
  • Deploying and Managing Web Application using the Tomcat Manager
  • Starting the Tomcat Manager
  • Tomcat Manager
  • The Manager Section
  • Applications
  • Deploy
  • Server Information
  • Creating a WAR File
  • Lab 4: Deploying a WAR File
  • Java Management Extensions (JMX) on Tomcat
  • Tomcat integration with Ant
Advanced Features
  • Using Some of the Advanced Features of Tomcat
  • Valves
  • Access Log Valve
  • Single Sign-on Valve
  • Remote Address Filter
  • Remote Host Filter
  • Request Dumper Valve
  • Configuring JNDI Resources
  • JNDI: Java Naming and Directory Interface
  • Defining a JNDI Resource
  • The <environment></environment>Element
  • The <resource></resource>Element
  • Configuring a JavaMail Session
  • Global Resources
  • Lab 5: Using Valves
JDBC Connectivity
  • Configuring Tomcat to Connect to a Database
  • Overview of JDBC
  • JDBC Drivers
  • Connecting to a Database
  • Connection Pools
  • Download and Install MySQL
  • Configure MySQL for Tomcat
  • Create a Database in MySQL
  • Download and Deploy a JDBC Driver
  • Defining a DataSource in Tomcat
  • Defining a Data Source Manually
  • Modifying the Deployment Descriptor
  • Detecting and closing leaked database connections
  • Lab 6: JDBC Connections
Tomcat Security
  • Configuring Security on Tomcat
  • Security Considerations
  • File System Security
  • Filesystem Recommendations
  • The Java Security Manager
  • Granting Permissions to Java Apps
  • Java Permissions
  • Adding Your Own Policies
  • Enabling the Java Security Manager
  • Security Manager Tips
  • Security Realms
  • Different Types of Realms
  • Configuring a Realm
  • Users and Roles (authentication and authorization)
  • Creating a Data Source Realm
  • Protecting passwords
  • FORM-based authentication
  • Configuring Tomcat for SSL
  • Requiring SSL in applications
  • Lab 7: Create a Data Source Realm
Connectors
  • Connecting Tomcat to Apache
  • Overview of Connectors
  • HTTP Connectors
  • Advantages of Using a Web Server
  • Connector Protocols
  • Step 1: Configure an AJP Connector
  • Step 2: Download mod_jk
  • Step 3: Create the mod_jk.conf file
  • Step 4: Start Tomcat
  • Step 5: Create a Worker
  • Step 6: Configure httpd.conf
  • Test the Setup
  • Load balancing applications across multiple Tomcat instances
  • Issues with load balancing
  • Server affinity via sticky sessions
  • Shared session storage
  • Replicated sessions via Tomcat clustering
  • Lab: Clustering
Shared Hosting
  • Overview of Shared Hosting
  • Tomcat Virtual Hosting
  • Configure Tomcat to enable virtual hosting as a stand-alone server
  • Configure Tomcat to enable virtual hosting using jk2 or webapp.
  • Configure Tomcat as Stand-alone
  • Configure Tomcat with AJP
  • Separate JVM for Each Host
  • Lab: virtual hosting
Load Testing
  • Using the JMeter Application
  • Load Testing with JMeter
  • Install JMeter
  • Running JMeter
  • Creating a Test Plan
  • Configure the Thread Group
  • Add a Task to the Thread Group
  • Configure the HTTP Request
  • Add a Report Listener
  • Run the Test Plan
  • Viewing the Results

Prerequisites & Certificates
Pre-Requisites

To get the most benefit from this course, you should be familiar with the basic principles of web/application server administration. Additionally, prior exposure to any of these concepts can be helpful:

  • Basic rules of XML (i.e., being able to edit XML files)
  • HTTP protocol (i.e., the stateless nature of HTTP, the need for sessions, HTTP methods, SSL, etc.)
  • Java environments (e.g., memory settings, automatic garbage collection, JDBC)
  • Other Java EE (J2EE) application servers and basic concepts behind Java Web Applications
Please note that all these concepts are covered in the class.

Certificates offered

For this training, Marakana provides:

  • A take-home copy of the courseware and/or textbook(s) and example/lab files.
  • All equipment required to perform the hands-on parts of this class. This usually means a personal computer.
  • Refreshments. This usually includes coffee, tea, juices, soft drinks, and water to keep you hydrated. Often, continental breakfast is also included. Food. A selection of food to choose from will be provided at lunch time. This usually includes burgers, sandwiches, warps, salads, pizzas, etc.


Cancellation Policy
Cancellation and Reschedule Policy is:

* Full refund if you notify us two weeks ahead
* Half-refund if you notify us a week ahead
* No refund if you don't notify us at all or let us know too late (within a week of the class)

Map & Reviews
Marakana
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