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This course covers in detail each of the components such as compressors, gas & steam turbines, heat recovery steam generators, deaerators, condensers, lubricating systems, instrumentation, control systems, transformers, generators...

Course Outline
After participating in this course, you will be able to:
• perform computer simulation of gas turbines, co-generation, and combined cycle plants and plot the trends for different scenarios
• identify all components and subsystems of the various types of gas turbines, steam power plants, co-generation, and combined cycle plants
• explain the advantages, applications, performance and economics of co-generation and combined cycle plants
• describe the functions of  compressors, turbines, governing systems, combustors, deaerators, feed water heaters, transformers, generators,
   and auxiliaries
• determine the maintenance required for gas turbines, steam power plants, and generators to minimize their operating cost and maximize their
   efficiency, reliability, and longevity
• analyze the environmental emissions
• specify the latest instrumentation and control systems of gas turbines and combined cycles
• increase your knowledge of predictive and preventive maintenance, reliability and testing
• apply selection consideration to co-generation and combined-cycle plants                                  
• operate the gas turbine for an extended operating period by avoiding unnecessary outages and maintenance activities.

Description De-regulation of the electricity markets is sweeping across the world.  There will be increasing opportunities for highly efficient power generating plants, such as combined cycle and co-generation, to compete against the older plants of established utilities.  These new plants are environmentally friendly and more than twice as efficient as the older fossil and nuclear generating plants. Independent Power Producers and utilities are planning to construct additional combined cycle and co-generation plants due to their short construction lead-time, low capital investment, long-term fuel price stability, low emissions, lower transmission cots, increased reliability, and short pay-back period.

This course covers in detail each of the components such as compressors, gas and steam turbines, heat recovery steam generators, deaerators, condensers, lubricating systems, instrumentation, control systems, transformers, and generators, as well as monitoring and governing systems. The selection considerations, operation, maintenance and economics of co-generation plants and combined cycles will also be covered.
This seminar provides also in-depth computer simulation of gas turbines under steady-state and transient conditions.  The analysis performed by gas turbine simulators provides the following benefits.  Objective

To provide a comprehensive understanding of computer simulation of gas turbines, combined cycle and co-generation plants as well as their selection criteria, operation and maintenance requirements, and economics.

Who Should Attend

Process engineers, control engineers, equipment engineers, mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, project managers, technicians, maintenance personnel, energy and design consultants, optimization specialists, utilities coordinators and other technical individuals.

Special Features

The following is included with your registration:

• A book (600 pages) titled “POWER GENERATION HANDBOOK” published by McGraw-Hill in 2002 and authored by the instructor.
• A USB key/CD covering additional information about power generation and computer simulation.
• Each delegate will receive a copy of the gas turbine computer simulation program.
• Please bring the operational data of your gas turbines, co-generation and, combined cycle plants.  The instructor will be able to perform
   simulation of your data to reduce unnecessary maintenance activities, optimize the profits, and minimize environmental emissions.

Faculty: Philip Kiameh, University of Toronto, Ontario Power Generation

Program Outline

Day I

Registration and Coffee

Welcome, Introduction, Workshop Preview, Learning Outcomes and the Assessment Method

Review of Thermodynamics Principles

Steam Power Plants
• The rankine cycle
• Reheat
• Regeneration
• Feedwater heating
• The internally irreversible rankine cycle
• Open or direct-contact feedwater heaters
• Closed-type feedwater heater with drains cascaded backward
• Efficiency and heat rate
• Supercritical plants
• Cogeneration
• The topping cycle and bottoming cycle

Steam Turbine Components

Steam Turbines and Auxiliaries

Steam Turbine Maintenance

Boilers(Steam Generators), Heat Exchangers and Condensers 
Heat transfer
 Thermal conductivities
 Conduction through cylindrical walls
 Combination heat transfer effects
 Convection heat transfer coefficients
 Boiling liquids and condensing vapors
 Heat exchangers
 Shell-and-tube heat exchangers
 Closed feedwater heaters

Power Station Performance Monitoring

The Turbine Governing Systems


Day II

Turbine Protective Devices

Turbine Instrumentation

Lubrication Systems

Gland Sealing System

Frequently Asked Questions about Turbine-Generator Balancing, Vibration Analysis and Maintenance



Gas Turbine Fundamentals

An Overview of Gas Turbines

Gas Turbine Design
• Compressors
• Combustors
• Turbines
• Performance degradation

Case Study: Gas Turbine Calculations

Gas Turbine Compressors

Axial-Flow Turbines

Gas Turbine Materials

Gas Turbine Lubrication and Fuel Systems

Gas Turbine Bearing and Seals

Gas Turbine Instrumentation and Control Systems
• Vibration, pressure and temperature measurement
• Control systems
• Start-up sequence
• Fuel system
• Baseline for machinery
• Compressor aerothermal characteristics and compressor surge
• Failure diagnostics
• Mechanical problem diagnostics
• Instrumentation and control systems of a typical modern gas turbine
• Protective systems
• Permissive (interlocks)
• Liquid fuel supply
• Start-up sequence of the gas turbine
• Inlet guide vanes
• Compressor bleed valves
• Transmitters

Gas Turbine Performance Characteristics

Gas Turbine Operating and Maintenance Considerations
• Introduction
• Gas turbine design maintenance features
• Borescope inspection
• Major factors influencing maintenance and equipment life
• Combustion inspection
• Hot-gas-path inspection
• Major inspection

Gas Turbine Emission Guidelines and Control Methods
• Emissions from gas turbines
• General approach for a national emission guideline
• NOx emission target levels
• Power output allowance
• Heat recovery allowance
• Emission levels for other contaminants
• Carbon Monoxide, Sulphur Dioxide and other contaminants
• Size ranges for emission targets
• Peaking units
• Emission monitoring
• Nox emission control methods
• Water and steam injection
• Selective catalytic reduction (SCR)
• Dry low- NOx Combustors

Day IV

Combined Cycles
• The nonideal Brayton cycle
• Modifications to the Brayton cycle
• Design for high temperature: materials, cooling and fuels
• Combined cycles
• Combined cycles with heat-recovery boiler
• The STAG combined-cycle power plant
• Combined cycles with multi-pressure steam
• Integrated gasification combined cycles
• IGCC processes and plant considerations
• Emission reduction
• Reliability, availability and maintenance

Single-Shaft Combined-Cycle

Steam Turbine Selection for Combined-Cycle Power System

Absorption Chillers

Workshop I : Selection Considerations of Combined Cycles and Co-Generation Plants

Workshop II: Applications of Co-Generation and Combined Cycle Plants

Workshop III: Cogeneration Application Considerations
• Cogeneration
• Net heat to process and fuel chargeable to power
• Steam turbines for cogeneration
• Gas turbine power enhancement
• Gas turbine exhaust heat recovery
• Heat recovery steam generators
• Cycle configurations
• Cogeneration opportunities

Economic and Technical Considerations for Combined Cycle Performance Enhancement Options

Selection of the Best Power Enhancement Option for Combined Cycle Plants


Day V

Economics of Combined Cycles Co-Generation Plants
• Deregulation and tax incentives, natural gas prices, and economic growth
• Financial analysis
• Capital cost, operating and maintenance cost
• Economic evaluation of different combined cycles configurations
• Electricity purchase rate

Workshop IV: Computer Simulation of Gas Turbines
• Effects of ambient temperature on gas turbine performance
• Effects of ambient pressure on gas turbine performance
• Simulation of effects of component deterioration on engine performance
• Power augmentation
• Simulation of engine control system performance
• Profits, revenue and life cycle cost analysis
• Non-dimensional analysis
• Computer simulation applications


Transformer Components and Maintenance
Interconnection with the grid

Synchronous Generators

Generator Components, Auxiliaries and Excitation

Generator Testing, Inspection and Maintenance

Questions and Answers and Feedback to Participants on Achievement of Learning Outcomes

Final Adjournment

Daily Schedule
8:00    Registration and Coffee (Day I only)
8:30    Session begins
12:00  Lunch
4:30    Adjournment

There will be a one-hour lunch break each day in addition to a refreshment and networking break during each morning and afternoon session.

Prerequisites & Certificates

Certificates offered

3 CEU / 30 PDH

Cancellation Policy
To withdraw from a course, you must send a request, in writing, with the official receipt to our office. Fifteen or more business days in advance: full refund less $50.00 administration charge. Five to fifteen business days in advance: non-refundable credit of equal value for any future EPIC seminar within one year. Credits are transferable within your organization. In case of an unexpected event occurring after this time, you may send someone else to take your place without any additional cost.
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The course was very well presented and the course instructor was absolutely amazing.
Reviewed by 2013
Our instructor, Stephen Lamming, was outstanding and a true expert in his field. He was able to complement the technical air monitoring information with practical real life examples which was highly beneficial. He is an excellent communicator and was highly interactive with the course attendees. This course was recommended to me because Stephen Lamming does an outstanding job. I was very impressed with this course and have subsequently recommended it to my colleagues.
Reviewed by 2012
Would have liked more interactive problem solving.
Reviewed by 2011

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