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The main objective of this course is to provide up-to-date knowledge about the technical and economical issues relating to the distribution generation. A more detailed part will be included discussing various applications of power electronics.

Course Outline
After participating in the seminar, you will be able to:

• Recognize the rational behind distributed generation along with their effects on the distribution system
• Model your dg and select its engineering components
• Select suitable equipment interface your dg to the grid
• Size your dg plant to maximize the system profit
• Estimate the system losses and reliability indices
• Discover the dg effects on system protection
• Connect to the grid knowing the impact of your plant generated power on the utility’s power quality
• Perform economic feasibility analysis


Conventionally electricity is generated in large central units that are connected to the high-voltage transmission system. The distribution networks are being used for delivering the electricity to the customers. Most electric distribution systems are designed, protected, and operated on the premise that there is a single source of electric power on each distribution feeder at any given time. Because interconnecting Distributed Resources (DR) (known as Distributed Generation DG) violates this basic assumption, there are special requirements for connecting to utility distribution systems. These technical requirements can be complex, blending traditional distribution engineering practices with added attention to power quality concerns, safety, and installation needs for advanced DR technologies. There are also many economical issues to be addressed due to the interconnection of different types of DG’s. Distributed generation (DG) has the potential to play an important role in a future sustainable energy system. Properly applied distributed generation, installed on a significant scale, can have very positive effects on the environment, energy efficiency, security of supply and price of electricity paid by consumers. However there are still barriers, technical and non-technical, that are limiting the introduction and use of DG.

The main objective of this course is to provide up-to-date knowledge about the technical and economical issues relating to the distribution generation. In addition to an introduction to various generating technologies, a more detailed part will be included discussing various applications of power electronics. The impacts of DG to the distribution system will be presented. The focus will be on electrical issues such as grid connection, losses, planning, protection, and control. In addition, the economical and regulatory issues will be addressed. Effects of DG on voltage regulation, relaying, losses, islanding and standards will be examined.


• To provide an in-depth study of the distributed generation technology along with their merits and limitations together with a detailed
   description and analysis of the effects that distributed generation impose on the distribution system.
• To provide a good understanding of different distributed generation technologies
• Review the available standards for distributed generation interconnection.
• Understand the impact of DG on distribution system performance, reliability, safety, protection and quality.
• To train distribution engineers on how to operate distribution networks with embedded generation.
• To enhance the protection aspects of distribution system with distributed generation.
• To introduce the state of the art techniques in distributed generation planning.
• To highlight the economical benefits from installing distributed generation

Who Should Attend

Consulting engineers, plant managers, electrical power distribution engineers, electrical power system engineers, project engineers, operating and maintenance engineers and all personnel involved in the safety and the operating of the electrical distribution systems who have a concern or increasing their performance. 

Program Outline

Day I

Welcome, Introduction, Workshop Preview, Learning Outcomes and the Assessment Method

• Introducing the conventional and deregulated structures of power systems.
• Introducing the proposed definitions for Distributed Generation (DG): drivers for DG installation
• Presenting the general characteristics for DGs.
• Reviewing the impacts of connecting DGs: impacts on distribution system, impacts on transmission system, impacts on central generation,
   impacts on safety
• Green energy statistics

Distributed Generation (DG) Types
• Classification of DG types
• Wind Turbines: characteristics, advantages and drawbacks, construction, classification and power production, wind pdf and capacity factor,
   interfacing and control of wind turbines, control schemes, simulation case studies
• Solar power: types of solar power
• Photovoltaic: construction and operation, PV characteristics and modeling: simple and exact equivalent circuits, shading effect, PV interfacing
   and control
• Other DG types 
Distributed Generation Interfacing
• Different interfacing techniques for distributed generation: rotating machines, power electronics, combined mechanisms, transformer
• Reviewing the related international standards for distributed generation interconnections with utility grid      

Day II 

Renewable DG Power Prediction
• Forecasting time horizon
• Wind speed prediction methods: The Persistent Model, time series based methods, statistical based methods, physical power prediction model
• Non-renewable DGs and storage devices
• DG comparison

Operational Control of DG
• Threshold control
• Buyback Priority Control
• Net Metering Control
• Cooling/Heating Priority Control
• Optimal Control

Sizing and Sitting of DG in Existing Distribution System
• Distribution System Planning Procedure: major planning steps, planning objectives, problem formulation and system constraints, loss
   minimization procedure, case study
• DG placement for reliability improvement: reliability indices
• Reliability calculation and system segmentation
• Case study
• Optimal fuel mix for loss minimization
• Probabilistic planning approach


DG Effects on Distribution System Operation
• Losses evaluation with DG integration: effect of sustainable DG uncertainty on losses, case study
• System voltage profile with DG
• Reverse power flow and its effect on losses

DG Effects on System Protection
• Introducing the impacts of distributed generation on power system protection: impacts on short circuit levels, impacts on relay coordination, loss of sensitivity, fuse nuisance blowing, bi-directionality, case study
• Distributed generation interconnection protection requirements.
• Islanding detection of DG: passive detection methods, active methods, non-detective Zones

DG Economics
• Types of costs with DG
• Time value of money
• Electric utility rate structure: standard residential rate, residential time of use rate, demand charges, load factor
• Cash flow analysis
• Example of electricity costs with DG

Questions and Answers and Feedback to Participants on Achievement of Learning Outcomes
There will be a one hour lunch break at noon on each day as well as a refreshment and networking break during each morning and afternoon session.

Daily Schedule:
8:00   Registration and coffee (first day only)
8:30   Session begins
12:00 Lunch
4:30   Adjournment


Ehab El-Saadany
Prof. El-Saadany received the B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees from Ain Shams University, Egypt, and the Ph.D. degree from the University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada, all in electrical engineering in 1986, 1990, and 1998, respectively. Presently, he is Professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at the University of Waterloo.

Prof. El-Saadany taught many courses in graduate and undergraduate levels in power system analysis, distribution system engineering and power quality. He presented many seminars and short courses in North America, Europe and Middle East all in distribution systems engineering. He has authored/co-authored 74 research journal publications and 120 international conference publications on electric power systems and supervised 21 graduate students (Master and Ph.D.). Dr. El-Saadany is the recipient of the James Field teaching excellence award in 2006 and the Government of Ontario Early Research Award in 2007.

His research interests are in the area of the operation, protection and control of distribution systems. He is also conducting research in power quality analysis, distributed generation interfacing, fuel cells and microgenerator design. In 2009, Dr. El-Saadany became a Canada Reserach Chair in Energy Systems.
Prerequisites & Certificates

Certificates offered

1.8 CEU / 18 PDH

Cancellation Policy
To withdraw from a course, you must send a request, in writing, with the official receipt to our office. Fifteen or more business days in advance: full refund less $50.00 administration charge. Five to fifteen business days in advance: non-refundable credit of equal value for any future EPIC seminar within one year. Credits are transferable within your organization. In case of an unexpected event occurring after this time, you may send someone else to take your place without any additional cost.
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Here are some reviews of the training vendor.
The course was very well presented and the course instructor was absolutely amazing.
Reviewed by 2013
Our instructor, Stephen Lamming, was outstanding and a true expert in his field. He was able to complement the technical air monitoring information with practical real life examples which was highly beneficial. He is an excellent communicator and was highly interactive with the course attendees. This course was recommended to me because Stephen Lamming does an outstanding job. I was very impressed with this course and have subsequently recommended it to my colleagues.
Reviewed by 2012
Would have liked more interactive problem solving.
Reviewed by 2011

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