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With applicability to most types of boilers, including heat-recovery steam generators, this course is practically oriented but grounded on solid theoretical foundations of Boiler Cycle Chemistry & Industrial Water Chemistry & includes a half-day workshop

Course Outline

After participating in this seminar you will be able to:
• Apply your knowledge of the different boiler chemical treatment technologies to determine whether you are employing best practices in your boiler system and protecting critical assets.
• Justify the importance of well designed and operated pre-treatment systems upstream of your boiler plant to increase overall plant reliability and lower operating costs.
• Interpret industry-wide guidelines and monitor key performance indicators in pre-boiler, boiler and post-boiler systems. 
• Determine boiler cycles of concentration and improve chemical management
• Recognize ways to troubleshoot boiler feedwater, boiler and steam purity problems
• Identify invaluable insights on how to design for success in new boiler plant projects


There is hardly an industry that does not make use of boilers to generate steam, and boilers are generally viewed as critical to the overall success of the operation.  The end use of steam varies from being the driving force in power generation to a multitude of applications and processes as heating medium or reactant.  For boilers to operate efficiently, they require both a high quality feed water and the maintenance of proper water chemistry in the boiler.  The steam itself needs to meet certain purity guidelines appropriate for the end use.

Water chemistry and chemical treatment play a critical role in achieving all of the above objectives.  A good understanding of both is essential to troubleshoot operational problems, optimise boiler plant operations, and evaluate competitive bids of chemical water treatment.  There are also regulatory, health & safety and environmental factors that play a role in the selection of the best chemical treatment for the boiler.

With applicability to most types of boilers, including heat-recovery steam generators, this course is practically oriented but grounded on solid theoretical foundations of Boiler Cycle Chemistry and Industrial Water Chemistry, and includes a half-day workshop where participants have the opportunity to work through real-plant situations.

Who Should Attend

Facility/utility engineers, environmental engineers, development engineers, consulting engineers, technologists, technicians, operating personnel or anyone requiring a working level knowledge of boiler water treatment.   As well, those in the following industries can benefit from this course:  Power Generation, Iron & Steel, Oil Refining, Pulp & Paper, Breweries, Metal Refining, Petrochemical, Food Processing, Automotive, Primary Metals, Universities and Hospitals.

Registrants are requested to bring a calculator.

Faculty: Luis Carvalho, P. Eng., GE Water & Process Technologies

Program Outline


Welcome, Introduction, Workshop Preview, Learning Outcomes and the Assessment Method

• Steam generation and boiler water treatment

Basic Water Chemistry
• Water sources, impurities, and chemistry
• How to interpret and evaluate a water analysis in a boiler treatment context

Pre-Treatment Essentials
• Overview of technologies to prepare feed water 
    Filtration 
    Ion-exchange  (softening ; demineralisation)
    Reverse Osmosis & other membrane systems
    Electrodionisation (EDI)

Boiler Plant – Boiler Types & Basic Mass Balances
• Types of boilers 
    Field-erected boilers
    Heat-recovery steam generators (HRSG)
    How to calculate boiler material balances & determine cycles of concentration
    How to back calculate through chemical feed rate


Preboiler And Boiler Corrosion Control
• Main failure mechanisms in Boiler Corrosion (including FAC)
• Oxygen corrosion control
• Is oxygen friend or foe?  Making sense of the latest industry trends - What you need to know!
    Feedwater heaters, economisers
    Mechanical deaeration (principles and equipment)
    Chemical deaeration (sulfite, hydrazine, carbohydrazide, hydroxylamine, etc)
• Dissolved oxygen testing and monitoring
• Troubleshooting and evaluating oxygen control

Boiler Deposits
• Types of deposits
• Phosphate based deposits
• Deposits caused by contaminated condensate

Boiler Water Treatment (Internal)
• Feedwater and boiler water quality GUIDELINES: 
    ASME & ABMA ; EPRI ; OEM limits
• Impact of water treatment plant performance on boiler chemistry
• Low pressure vs. high pressure boiler chemical treatment (chelants, phosphates, other)
• The key functions of phosphate in a boiler
• How much phosphate is really needed in a boiler? Determining the optimum level.
• How to coordinate phosphate-pH control
• Phosphate treatment, equilibrium phosphate treatment
• All volatile treatment, other treatment philosophies


Steam Purity
• Carryover – effects and causes, prevention
• Steam purity guidelines
• Measurement of steam purity (best practice)
• Steam turbine deposition, erosion, corrosion
• What is cation conductivity? Its pros and cons
    Superior monitoring techniques (alternatives to cation conductivity)
• Steam sampling

Condensate Treatment
• Introduction:  condensate corrosion by carbon dioxide; other contaminants
• Types of treatment 
• Ammonia & the role of complex amines
    Filming inhibitors
    Neutralising amine inhibitors
    Metal passivators
• Monitoring
• Troubleshooting

Boiler Monitoring
• Boiler system failures 
    Failures due to overheating
    Failures due to corrosion
    Failure analysis:  what to look for, what to ask for
    Boiler inspections

Chemical Cleaning & Layup Of Steam Generator Systems
• How to pre-clean new boilers
• Steam blowing
• Lay-up
    Out of service equipment storage procedures 
    Lay-up of boilers, superheaters, external equipment, etc

Participants, in small groups, will solve problems and work on group exercises under instructor’s guidance.  Refreshments will be available during the workshop.

Questions and Answers and Feedback to Participants on Achievement of Learning Outcomes

There will be a forty minute lunch break in addition to a refreshment and networking break during morning and afternoon session.

 Registration and Coffee
8:30 Session begins
4:30 Adjournment

Prerequisites & Certificates

Certificates offered

1.8 CEU / 18 PDH

Cancellation Policy
To withdraw from a course, you must send a request, in writing, with the official receipt to our office. Fifteen or more business days in advance: full refund less $50.00 administration charge. Five to fifteen business days in advance: non-refundable credit of equal value for any future EPIC seminar within one year. Credits are transferable within your organization. In case of an unexpected event occurring after this time, you may send someone else to take your place without any additional cost.
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Here are some reviews of the training vendor.
The course was very well presented and the course instructor was absolutely amazing.
Reviewed by 2013
Our instructor, Stephen Lamming, was outstanding and a true expert in his field. He was able to complement the technical air monitoring information with practical real life examples which was highly beneficial. He is an excellent communicator and was highly interactive with the course attendees. This course was recommended to me because Stephen Lamming does an outstanding job. I was very impressed with this course and have subsequently recommended it to my colleagues.
Reviewed by 2012
Would have liked more interactive problem solving.
Reviewed by 2011

This course currently does not have any dates scheduled. Please call 1-877-313-8881 to enquire about future dates or scheduling a private, in house course for your team.

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